The People’s Republic of China, is the biggest country in Asia and the third largest country in the world. Everest in the Himalayan mountain range and lying
on the southeast edge of China at 8,848 meters above sea level, is the world’s
The Yangtze and Yellow rivers, are the most important rivers in
China and the Jinghang Canal, which stretches for 1,794 kilometers, is one of
the longest artificial canals in the world. Qinghai Lake has an area of 4,583 square kilometers and is the largest inland salt
water lake in China while Poyang Lake has an area of 3,583 square kilometers
and is China’s largest freshwater lake.
China experiences a complex and varied climate. Most parts of the country lie in
the northern temperature zone and subtropical zone and belong to the
eastern Asia monsoon climatic area. In winter, the climate is cold and dry and the
temperature difference between the south and the north can be forty degrees
centigrade, while in summer temperatures are high, it is the rainy season and
temperature differences are small.
The extremely high mountainous regions
have constantly cold weather and the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has a unique
plateau climate, with a variety of mineral elements and abundant water resources.